Bird Families

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Small, nimble, jumpy, sociable and very cute reptilian cockroaches. No, this is not just a bunch of awkward adjectives, but a short description of the incomparable funeral geckos ! Today you will find out why we call a whole species in the feminine gender, and how a 4 cm long booger was able to completely exterminate its own males.

Babies carry the light of gender equality throughout equatorial belt ... The animals are not picky about food, they perfectly adapt to new conditions and breed like rabbits. In the conquest of the world, the reptilians were helped by little people with their ships. According to some reports, these social wrestlers have supplanted endemic species with similar habits and habitats. Their original homeland is somewhere in Indonesia.

Maximum length 40-44 mm ... If you wish, you can knock it down with a nozzle if you aim properly. Outwardly - an ordinary house gecko, the species of which are dofig. A person who does not understand these terrariums of yours is unlikely to distinguish one from the other. Moreover, these cracklings, like many other members of the family, have an innate ability change color depending on the environment or stress level. I personally saw how these under-chameleons transform from a brown-brown branch into a slightly protruding beige piece of paper.

Now for the pulp. Clonal lines ... Does it sound scary and incomprehensible? Do not worry, now you will understand everything. First, let's analyze such an awesome thing like parthenogenesis ... This is an amazing property of some animals to reproduce without the participation of males. Geckos just sculpt one clutch after another without the classic coitus!

The mother carries two testicles. They sit absolute copies of the parent ... Of course, failures, mutations and other funny things have not been canceled, but not the point. After 2-3 months, two little daughters come out. Later 6 months the girls themselves have babies. Their children are absolute copies of mothers and grandmothers. Generations of such "families" are the clonal line. And the folder. And the folder may not exist at all, because there are literally a few boys per thousand individuals ... They have males so for the species and in the most extreme case.

Thanks to its amazing abilities, the beast is recognized and loved around the globe. At first , geckoids rush all year round. Secondly , keeping the animal is incredibly easy. Our guests do not need any clever gadgets, like UV lamps or a special diet. Reptilians thrive at room temperature and happily eat fruit purees for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Well, third , for their ability to parthenogenesis geckoids are very fond of scientists of various castes and confessions. Especially those that are engaged in embryogenesis, developmental issues and the devil knows what else.

Consider, if you decide to acquire this sweetheart, then you will not get off with one such charm. We'll have to buy a horde right away, since the animals love to live small colonies ... If the geckos start a skirmish, do not be alarmed. By the old patriarchal method, feminists establish hierarchy within the flock. In addition, they breed much better in small groups. They also quack. Or croak. Or creak. Hell, I don't know how to describe these sounds. Until you hear, you will not understand.

In general, to everyone who knows how a terrarium differs from an aquarium, what ventilation is and how to breed marble cockroaches - I shout in your ears: “GRAB THIS CUTE AND RUN!”. Only I ask you, my dear reader, to keep an eye on them and do not obscure them.

The Book of Animals was with you.

Tell us in the comments who had the experience of keeping these reptiles!

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Materials for students (essays, term papers, theses) "Red Book Beetles of the Nizhny Novgorod Region

Family Scarabaeidae

- Lamellar whiskers.

) lugubris Hbst. - Gloomy bronze.

Inhabits old forests in clearings and forest edges, in gardens. The larvae develop in the decaying wood of deciduous trees. Beetles are found on flowing tree sap, less often on flowers

... - Voskovik is a hermit.

Inhabits deciduous forests and forest-steppe. The larvae develop in decaying wood, hollows of deciduous trees (especially oak, sedge, fruit trees). Years from June to September, beetles are active at dusk and at night. It is listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation as a species whose numbers are declining.

Copris lunaris L. - Lunar copr.

Beetles are found under piles of cattle and horse droppings. The female and the male dig an underground chamber under a pile of droppings, into which they drag the droppings and mold ovoid "pears" from it, in which the larvae develop. Years from April to October.

Geotrupes (Trypocopris) vernalis L. Dung beetle.

Beetles are found under piles of cattle and horse droppings, which they harvest in deep burrows under dung piles. Years from March to June.

Family Lucanidae

11. Lucanus

The largest beetle in Europe. Inhabits old oak forests, the larva develops for 5-6 years in rotting oak wood, rarely other deciduous species. Years from May to July, beetles feed on sap flowing from wounds on a tree, often accumulating in large quantities, and males often start fights. The northern border of the area runs through the Nizhny Novgorod region.

Family Meloidae

12. Meloe

Beetles are found in open places in spring, larvae parasitize in nests of solitary bees.

List of references.

1. Vorontsov A.I. Biological protection of the forest. - M .: Lesn. prom-st, 1984.

2. Gornostaev G.N. Insects. Encyclopedia of the Nature of Russia. - M .: ABF, 1998.

3. Nikitsky NB Sviridov A.V. Insects of the Red Book of the USSR. - M .: Pedagogy, 1987.

4. Keys to insects of the European part of the USSR. T. 2: Coleoptera and Fanoptera. - M., L. Nauka, 1965.

5. Smelters N.N. Keys to insects: A short guide to the most common insects in the European part of Russia. - M .: Topikal, 1994.

6. Order No. 377-r of the Administration of the Nizhny Novgorod Region dated 15.03.99.