A feature of the plant is a rounded rosette of dense leaves at the end of the stem. The leaves are purple, pink, green and blue in color, which is why the flower got its name.
Graptopetalum is a perennial. Loves sunlight. Put it on the windowsill and every spring it will delight you with beautiful flowers.
Don't place the flower too close to the glass. Graptopetalum leaves can overheat and even get burned.
The plant loves water. If the air in the house is too humid, the leaves of the flower will absorb excess moisture. Not poisonous. The leaves, although coated with wax, are harmless to children or pets.
Outwardly, it is similar to Echeveria and pachyphytum, but in origin it belongs to a different class of plants.
How does it bloom?
With proper care, graptopetalum blooms from April to August. Flowers in the form of asterisks form lateral inflorescences in the form of a semi-umbrella. Depending on the specific species, the range of colors is yellow, white and pinkish.
Signs and superstitions
As a representative of succulents, this flower brings love and abundance to the house. Although it does not have healing properties like scarlet, it will cleanse you of the accumulated spoiled and negative energy, give you new strength, and return a sense of security and peace to the house.
Tip: bury a couple of coins in a flower pot and place it in the southern or southeastern part of the house. Luck and wealth will never leave your home.
The plant loves lighted places. In this case, the light can be both natural and artificial. Optimum temperature +25 ° C during growth. In winter, it is better to transfer the flower to a darkened place and provide a temperature of +7 or +10 ° C. In the summer, it is advisable to take it outside to bask in the sun and breathe fresh air.
Blooming graptopetalum is watered about 3 times a week and fed once a month. In winter, the flower sleeps and does not need care. Even it should be watered only if the ground is very dry and subsided a little.
It is easy to find and purchase a wonderful flower seedling. Go to a flower shop or order online. You can buy such beauty for mere pennies - about 300 rubles. per sapling.
It is better to water the newly purchased seedling less often and less. Let the plant adapt to its new location. If you notice that the leaves have begun to dry out, you can gradually increase the frequency of watering.
The plant has a shallow root system, so it is better to take a small and wide pot. Be sure to fill the bottom with drainage about one-fourth of the height of the pot.
Short-stemmed species are sprinkled on top with a thin layer of sand or gravel to close the root collar.
What kind of soil is needed?
In nature, the flower grows on sandy and scarce soils.
You can purchase soil for planting at a flower shop. It is worth choosing a ready-made soil mixture for cacti and succulents. It is also easy to cook it at home. There are 3 options:
- Take rough coniferous and leafy soil, peat, coarse sand. Mix in proportions 2: 2: 1: 3.
- Sod and leafy land, coarse river sand. Stir in proportions 1: 1: 1.
- Simplest. Mix coarse sand and turf soil one to one.
Additionally, the land is not cultivated with anything. The main thing is not to forget to make drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Pebbles can be used as drainage.
Graptopetalum can be transplanted only in two cases. If the pot became small or the flower began to rot due to improper watering. In other situations, touching the plant is not recommended. If a transplant is necessary, then after the procedure, watering should be limited for a while. When transplanting due to rotting, change the pot to a new one, remove the rotten and spoiled parts of the flower. Limit watering as well.
Select the lateral shoot and separate it from the main flower. For accelerated root formation, treat the cut with an aqueous solution of heteroauxin. Place in a dark, dry place for a few days to dry and cover with a thin film.
Place the dried leaf in a cut into washed river sand and cover with a glass or plastic cap. The sand should be sprayed periodically. Open the hood throughout the day to allow the seedling to breathe. The optimum temperature for rooting is +25 ° C. The roots will appear in about a week. Then transplant the sprout into a separate pot.
Leafy or stem cuttings
Find a dense leaf at the base of the rosette or part of the stem. Separate gently from the flower. The rooting scheme, as with the lateral processes, only does not need to dry the cut.
They are immediately sown in warm and moist soil. Cover with foil or glass and keep at temperatures up to 30 degrees. It is rather long and difficult to grow graptopetalum in this way, as it grows slowly.
After planting, young seedlings are not advisable to be placed in direct sunlight. They can burn out.
Fertilizing and feeding
Both organic and mineral fertilizers are suitable for feeding. Choose solutions that contain a lot of potassium and phosphorus, but a minimum of nitrogen so that the flower does not rot and parasites do not flock to it.
To stimulate growth, potassium salts, sodium humate and a solution of potassium phosphate are suitable.
If you don't want to feed your flower with chemicals, here are a couple of homemade fertilizer recipes.
Recipe 1. Take a teaspoon of sugar and dilute with a liter of water. Water the soil with the solution. This stimulates the growth of young shoots.
Recipe 2. Pour a handful of onion husks with 1 liter of boiling water. Keep on fire for 8 minutes. Let cool and brew for 3 hours. Then strain and water the soil. The solution improves flower growth and repels pests. But not stored for a long time.
Recipe 3. We take banana skins and fill with water. Let it brew for a day. We filter and dilute with water in a 1: 2 ratio. The solution contains a lot of potassium and organic substances useful for the plant.
It is possible to fertilize graptopetalum only while it is blooming, once every 2 weeks. During hibernation and after transplanting, you cannot feed the plant.
In the spring and summer, it is best to water abundantly, but not often. The soil should dry completely before the next watering. During sleep, the plant is not watered. They only slightly moisten the soil when it is very dry and even subsided.
Water for irrigation is used at a standing (at least 1 day) room temperature.
The most common graptopetalum disease is rot. It may appear due to improper care or stagnant water in the soil. If you notice rotting of the leaves of the plant, remove it from the pot, remove the parts affected by rot, rinse, treat with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and plant in another pot with new soil. To prevent the appearance of rot, sprinkle the roots of the plants with coarse sand or pebbles, the leaves should not come into contact with the moist soil.
Due to the waxy bloom on the leaves, the flower rarely suffers from pest colonization. But you should beware of the spider mite. You can notice it by the brownish spots on the leaves. Treat the leaves with acaricide to save the flower.
If the flower leaves dry and curl, it means that it lacks moisture. Increase watering. Small leaves and slow growth indicate that the plant is cramped in the pot and it is time to replant it.
Beautiful (Graptopetalum bellum)
This is the most favorite type of graptopetalum among flower growers - or beautiful Tacitus. Low, with a shortened stem. An adult tacitus grows about 30 cm in height, the diameter of the rosette does not exceed 10 cm and has a spiral shape. Young leaves are very tightly pressed against each other and, as they grow, completely lie down on the ground from an upright position. The leaf is almost triangular in shape with small pointed tips.
The color is gray-green, the edge is with a bronze sheen. The flowers rise above the plant by about 10 cm, reaching 2.5 cm in diameter. The color of the flowers is from pink to purple-red with dark pink stamens and white anthers.
Paraguayan (Graptopetalum paraguayense)
The middle name is "stone rose". This species is distinguished by a bare and short stem. The leaf rosette is less dense than that of the beautiful tacitus, with fleshy obovate leaves, pointed at the end.
The surface is covered with a waxy bloom giving a bluish-blue color. The flowers are white with small red blotches, small and not prominent.
Filamentous (Graptopetalum filiferum)
attractive with neat gray-green leaves with red-brown strings at the end. The number of leaves in one rosette is from 70 to 200.
Its flowers are large up to 4 cm in diameter and collected in 3 or 6 pieces.
Thick-leaved (Graptopetalum pachyphyllum)
It differs from its relatives in small short leaves, collected in small rosettes of 2-2.5 cm.
It has a branched stem, which makes it look like a small tree. Often the species is used in compositions for home eco-aquariums.
Five-lined (Graptopetalum pentandrum)
Rarely found in the collections of florists, but especially beautiful. The main difference between the species is high and highly branched peduncles.
They give the plant the shape of a graceful tree. The flowers themselves are large, light pink or white with abundant red blotches, with pointed burgundy tips.
All types of graptopetalum have excellent decorative properties. The ease of caring for these amazing plants will be a joy. They will be a wonderful decoration for your home or succulent garden.
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